Tuscany is one of the major and most important Italian Regions, famous for history, art, economy, culture, landscape and beauty. Thanks to its history and its strong culture and language homogeneity, Tuscany is also one of the Italian Regions with the most ancient and settled identity.
The name is very ancient and is coming from the toponym used by Greeks and Latins to define the land inhabited by the Etruscans: “Etruria” then evolved in “Tuscia” and later in “Toscana” (Tuscany). Also the boarders of the present Tuscany are corresponding by and large with the original ones of ancient “Etruria”.
Tuscany is universally known for its huge richness in monuments and art works: worldwide famous are the towns of Florence, Pisa, Siena and Lucca, and less renowned, but not less abundant in monumental affluence are the towns of Arezzo, Carrara, well known all over the world for its marble quarries, exploited even before the Roman Era, and Livorno (Leghorn) with its “fossi” (canals) crowded with boats, and its commercial harbour, the most important in the Region.
Tourism represents one of the principal asset of Tuscany, that can offer more than 12,000 lodging structures of any kind and has the national record of “agriturismi” (country lodging) with 4,000 structures. The portal turismo.intoscana is the heart of a more and more web-based promotional strategy. Over 40% of the tourists are flowing to the beaches and mostly to the Versilia area and to Viareggio.
The boating industry is a primary activity in this area. Since the beginning of ‘800 the handicrafts from Viareggio used to build small fishing boats along the edges of Burlamacca Canal.
But during that century and later in ‘900, mostly after the ‘60s, the boating industry grew up to become internationally renowned and transform the city and the harbour in a capital of the industry.
The harbour of Viareggio was settled in 1577, when two piers alongside Burlamacca Canal were built. In 1740 Bernardino Zendrini, engineer, built a lock on the Canal to prevent the salt water from entering into the Massaciuccoli Lake. In 1820 Maria Luisa of Borbone , Duchess of Lucca, built the first “darsena” (basin), “Darsena Lucca”, completed in 1823, witnessed today by the “Moletto Sanità” (Health Pier) close to the “Chiesetta Pescatori (Fisherman Chapel). From 1871 to 1873 was built “Darsena Toscana”, “Darsena Italia” was built from 1907 to 1911. In 1938 was built “Darsena Impero” renamed Europa after the war, and in the ‘70s “Darsena Viareggio” (“Darsena Nuova” in the south easterly expansion) the outer jetty and the new light tower.
Sun, sea, nature, history, art and culture are the ingredients that Tuscany can offer to its visitors: a funny stay, but also careful to discover places. After a dive into the sea you can stroll in a historical village and carry on visiting museums or ancient squares where, surrounded by the most enchanting monuments, you can taste the irresistible Tuscan food, rich of thousand of flavours, sipping scented heady wines.